Radiographic examination of the teeth allows the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis and carry out the correct treatment of a dental disease. This procedure is completely painless for the patient.
In dentistry, X-rays are carried out in cases where there is a need to examine tissues or parts of teeth that are covered for eyes — the roots and intramaxillary cavities.
Dental X-ray is no different from other types of X-rays: X-rays pass through the tissues and bones of the oral cavity and leave an imprint on the plate. Soft tissue in the resulting image is displayed in dark colors, hard tissue (bones and implants) – in light colors.
Simplicity and safety
The only contraindication for dental X-rays is pregnancy. If you are with baby – do not forget to inform your dentist about it. Dental X-ray does not require any prior preparation, the procedure is quick and painless.
Radiography of the teeth helps to accurately diagnose the presence of carious cavities or abcesses, abnormal occlusion, impacted wisdom teeth and other dental pathologies hidden from visual inspection.
Dental X-ray is divided into several types:
- Periapical x-ray. Helps to imprint a group of teeth along with the roots and adjacent bone tissue. It’s used to diagnose tumors, cysts and abscesses.
- Bite X-ray. It is performed using a special film for early diagnosis of caries or periodontitis.
- Panoramic radiography. A snapshot of the entire oral cavity. It helps to identify complex lesions of the teeth and changes in bone tissue that are not displayed on the bite X-ray. This procedure is necessary for the detection of impacted teeth and planning prosthetics.
- Occlusal X-ray. Used to take a picture of all the teeth of the upper and lower rows simultaneously.