The aim of modern dentistry is not only filling, but also restoring the function of the teeth and recreating their original shape. Getting rid of pain is only half the battle; each tooth must look aesthetically pleasing and assist chewing.
Usual and photopolymer filling
All types of fillings are obtained by mixing various chemicals that harden as a result of the reaction between them. As an outcome, the filling, like cement, covers the damaged areas of the tooth, preventing the penetration of microbes in its cavities.
Photocomposite fillings, except for materials, differ from the usual with the need for light (infrared or ultraviolet) to harden. In addition, light-sensitive materials have high plasticity, which allows not only to seal the gaps in the teeth, but also to return them to their primary form.
However, it is worth noting that the term “photopolymer filling” itself gradually goes out of use among dentists. This is not due to the obsolescence of materials, on the contrary – modern photocomposites are so perfect and universal that they can be used not only for the filling but also for the complete restoration of teeth in their original form. Of course, the dentist must have certain skills in working with such materials.
Pros and cons of photocomposite materials
Photopolymers have certain limitations on use, but an experienced dentist can do the following with their help:
- Fully restore the carious tooth.
- Change the shape, color, and length of the tooth.
- Restore a lost tooth with an adhesive bridge.
- To carry out splinting teeth.
- Restore a tooth from the root.
What can not be done with photopolymers?
- If the dentist suggests installing dental crowns, then the use of photopolymers is no longer an option. You should heed his advice.
- Photopolymers are not used in inflammatory processes in the dental canals, as well as during dental granuloma and perforation of the tooth. You should not insist on the restoration of the tooth in the presence of one of the diagnoses.
- It makes no sense to apply photopolymers with excessive mobility of the teeth, as they are usually removed.
Teeth reconstructed using photocomposite materials are virtually indistinguishable in color, except in cases where the dental tissues are deeply colored with resorcinol-formalin or argentum. In such a case, the dentist must inform you that it is impossible to achieve the desired result with the help of a filling. In this case, the best solution is to install dental crowns.
The photopolymer dental filling can crumble, crack or loosen, but in no case can it fall out completely. Actually, the fallen out filling indicates a gross violation of the basic rule of their installation – the absence of absolute dryness in the place of filling. To avoid such trouble, use latex pads that protect against saliva.
Different photocomposites are used for different groups of teeth, depending on the chewing load. Consult with your dentist about the most suitable material for you.